The science of breast milk and baby formula

For the first six months of life, the WHO recommends exclusively breastfeeding. Even so, infant formula continues to be extremely popular. The majority of formulas resemble cow’s milk but have been changed and augmented for human infants. The most recent addition to infant formula is human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs). Because HMOs are not digested, they do not truly feed infants. Rather, they support the body’s immune system, both in the gut and throughout the body. Due to the complexity of their architecture, little is known about how they operate. Read full article here


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